the itis logo The report logo for the ITIS data page
Go to Print Version

Thamnophis sirtalis  (Linnaeus, 1758)
Taxonomic Serial No.: 174136

(Download Help) Thamnophis sirtalis TSN 174136

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Synonym(s):    
  Common Name(s): Common Garter Snake [English]
 
    couleuvre rayée [French]
 
    Culebra-listonada común [Spanish]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomDeuterostomia   
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                InfraphylumGnathostomata   
                   SuperclassTetrapoda   
                      ClassReptilia Laurenti, 1768 – répteis, reptiles, Reptiles  
                         OrderSquamata Oppel, 1811 – Amphisbaenians, Lizards, Snakes, amphisbènes, lézards, serpents  
                            SuborderSerpentes Linnaeus, 1758 – Snakes, cobra, serpente, serpents  
                               InfraorderAlethinophidia Nopcsa, 1923  
                                  FamilyColubridae Oppel, 1811 – Colubrids, Typical Snakes  
                                     SubfamilyNatricinae Bonaparte, 1838  
                                        GenusThamnophis Fitzinger, 1843 – Garter Snakes, Ribbon Snakes  
                                           SpeciesThamnophis sirtalis (Linnaeus, 1758) – Common Garter Snake, couleuvre rayée, Culebra-listonada común  
    Direct Children:  
                                              Subspecies Thamnophis sirtalis annectens Brown, 1950 – Texas Garter Snake 
                                              Subspecies Thamnophis sirtalis concinnus (Hallowell, 1852) – Red-spotted Garter Snake, Red-spotted Gartersnake 
                                              Subspecies Thamnophis sirtalis dorsalis (Baird and Girard, 1853) – New Mexico Garter Snake 
                                              Subspecies Thamnophis sirtalis fitchi Fox, 1951 – Valley Garter Snake 
                                              Subspecies Thamnophis sirtalis infernalis (Blainville, 1835) – California Red-sided Garter Snake, California Red-sided Gartersnake 
                                              Subspecies Thamnophis sirtalis pallidulus Allen, 1899 – Maritime Garter Snake 
                                              Subspecies Thamnophis sirtalis parietalis (Say in James, 1823) – Red-sided Garter Snake 
                                              Subspecies Thamnophis sirtalis pickeringii (Baird and Girard, 1853) – Puget Sound Garter Snake 
                                              Subspecies Thamnophis sirtalis semifasciatus (Cope, 1892) – Chicago Garter Snake 
                                              Subspecies Thamnophis sirtalis similis Rossman, 1965 – Blue-striped Garter Snake 
                                              Subspecies Thamnophis sirtalis sirtalis (Linnaeus, 1758) – Common Garter Snake 
                                              Subspecies Thamnophis sirtalis tetrataenia (Cope in Yarrow, 1875) – San Francisco Garter Snake, San Francisco Gartersnake 
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert: Roy W. McDiarmid  
  Notes: U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center   
  Reference for: Thamnophis sirtalis    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: CDP, database (version 1999)  
  Acquired: 2003   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Common Garter Snake[English], couleuvre rayée [French]   
       
  Source: Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad, database (version undefined)  
  Acquired: 2000   
  Notes: CONABIO: (http://www.conabio.gob.mx/)   
  Reference for: Thamnophis sirtalis   
       
  Source: Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad, database (version undefined)  
  Acquired: 2001   
  Notes: CONABIO: (http://www.conabio.gob.mx/)   
  Reference for: Culebra-listonada común[Spanish]   
       
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Thamnophis sirtalis   
       
  Source: Snake Species of the World, vol. undetermined, manuscript (version 2004)  
  Acquired: 2004   
  Notes: Working manuscript of follow-up volumes to McDiarmid et al. (1999), "Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, vol. 1"   
  Reference for: Thamnophis sirtalis   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes  
  Publication Date: 2004   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada, draft (2004)   
  Page(s):    
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes: As-yet (2004) unpublished manuscript from 1998   
  Reference for: Thamnophis sirtalis   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner  
  Publication Date: 1987   
  Article/Chapter Title: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Resource Publication, no. 166   
  Page(s): 79   
  Publisher: United States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service   
  Publication Place: Washington, D.C., USA   
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Thamnophis sirtalis   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Flores-Villela, Oscar / McCoy, C. J., ed.  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title: Herpetofauna Mexicana: Lista anotada de las especies de anfibios y reptiles de México, cambios taxonómicos recientes, y nuevas especies   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Carnegie Museum of Natural History Special Publication, no. 17   
  Page(s): iv + 73   
  Publisher: Carnegie Museum of Natural History   
  Publication Place: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-911239-42-1   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Thamnophis sirtalis   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division: Middle America  
    North America  
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin: Alaska, Native  
    Canada, Native  
    Continental US, Native  
    Mexico, Native  
 

 

   

 Comments
       
  Comment: Banks et al. (2004) note: Endangered in some areas of species' range  
 

 

   

 
 Subordinate Taxa  Rank  Verified Standards Met  Verified Min Standards Met  Unverified Percent Standards Met
 
LOADING...
 

A gray graphic bar
Search on:  Any Name or TSN  Common Name  Scientific Name  TSN
In:  Kingdom    


Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and up-to-date information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in provisions of treaties to which the United States is a party, wildlife statutes, regulations, and any applicable notices that have been published in the Federal Register. For further information on U.S. legal requirements with respect to protected taxa, please contact the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

A gray bar