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Thamnophis sirtalis  (Linnaeus, 1758)
Taxonomic Serial No.: 174136

(Download Help) Thamnophis sirtalis TSN 174136

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Synonym(s): Coluber sirtalis Linnaeus, 1758
  Common Name(s): Common Garter Snake [English]
    couleuvre rayée [French]
    Culebra-listonada común [Spanish]
    Common Gartersnake [English]
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria  – triploblasts  
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                      ClassReptilia Laurenti, 1768 – répteis, reptiles, Reptiles  
                         OrderSquamata Oppel, 1811 – Amphisbaenians, Lizards, Snakes, amphisbènes, lézards, serpents  
                            SuborderSerpentes Linnaeus, 1758 – Snakes, cobra, serpente, serpents  
                               InfraorderAlethinophidia Nopcsa, 1923  
                                  FamilyColubridae Oppel, 1811 – Colubrids, Typical Snakes  
                                     SubfamilyNatricinae Bonaparte, 1838  
                                        GenusThamnophis Fitzinger, 1843 – Garter Snakes, Ribbon Snakes, North American Gartersnakes  
                                           SpeciesThamnophis sirtalis (Linnaeus, 1758) – Common Garter Snake, couleuvre rayée, Culebra-listonada común, Common Gartersnake  
    Direct Children:  
                                              Subspecies Thamnophis sirtalis annectens Brown, 1950 – Texas Garter Snake, Texas Gartersnake 
                                              Subspecies Thamnophis sirtalis concinnus (Hallowell, 1852) – Red-spotted Garter Snake, Red-spotted Gartersnake 
                                              Subspecies Thamnophis sirtalis dorsalis (Baird and Girard, 1853) – New Mexico Garter Snake, New Mexico Gartersnake 
                                              Subspecies Thamnophis sirtalis fitchi Fox, 1951 – Valley Garter Snake, Valley Gartersnake 
                                              Subspecies Thamnophis sirtalis infernalis (Blainville, 1835) – California Red-sided Garter Snake, California Red-sided Gartersnake 
                                              Subspecies Thamnophis sirtalis lowei Tanner, 1988  
                                              Subspecies Thamnophis sirtalis pallidulus Allen, 1899 – Maritime Garter Snake 
                                              Subspecies Thamnophis sirtalis parietalis (Say in James, 1823) – Red-sided Garter Snake, Red-sided Gartersnake 
                                              Subspecies Thamnophis sirtalis pickeringii (Baird and Girard, 1853) – Puget Sound Garter Snake, Puget Sound Gartersnake 
                                              Subspecies Thamnophis sirtalis semifasciatus (Cope, 1892) – Chicago Garter Snake, Chicago Gartersnake 
                                              Subspecies Thamnophis sirtalis similis Rossman, 1965 – Blue-striped Garter Snake, Bluestripe Garter Snake, Blue-striped Gartersnake 
                                              Subspecies Thamnophis sirtalis sirtalis (Linnaeus, 1758) – Eastern Garter Snake, Eastern Gartersnake 
                                              Subspecies Thamnophis sirtalis tetrataenia (Cope in Yarrow, 1875) – San Francisco Garter Snake, San Francisco Gartersnake 

  Expert: Peter Uetz  
  Notes: Associate Professor, CSBC   
  Reference for: Thamnophis sirtalis    
  Expert: Roy W. McDiarmid  
  Notes: U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center   
  Reference for: Thamnophis sirtalis    
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: CDP, database (version 1999)  
  Acquired: 2003   
  Reference for: Common Garter Snake[English], couleuvre rayée [French]   
  Source: Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad, database (version undefined)  
  Acquired: 2000   
  Notes: CONABIO: (   
  Reference for: Thamnophis sirtalis   
  Source: Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad, database (version undefined)  
  Acquired: 2001   
  Notes: CONABIO: (   
  Reference for: Culebra-listonada común[Spanish]   
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Reference for: Thamnophis sirtalis   
  Source: Reptile Database (2017), website (version 24-Dec-16)  
  Acquired: 2017   
  Notes: Uetz, P. & Jirí Hosek (eds.), The Reptile Database, (   
  Reference for: Thamnophis sirtalis, Common Garter Snake [English]   
  Source: Snake Species of the World, vol. undetermined, manuscript (version 2004)  
  Acquired: 2004   
  Notes: Working manuscript of follow-up volumes to McDiarmid et al. (1999), "Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, vol. 1"   
  Reference for: Thamnophis sirtalis   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner  
  Publication Date: 1987   
  Article/Chapter Title: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Resource Publication, no. 166   
  Page(s): 79   
  Publisher: United States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service   
  Publication Place: Washington, D.C., USA   
  Reference for: Thamnophis sirtalis   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Crother, Brian I., Ronald M. Bonett, Jeff Boundy, Frank T. Burbrink, et al. / Moriarty, John J., ed.  
  Publication Date: 2017   
  Article/Chapter Title: Scientific and Standard English Names of Amphibians and Reptiles of North America North of Mexico, with Comments Regarding Confidence in Our Understanding, Eighth Ed.   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Herpetological Circular, no. 43   
  Page(s): 102   
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 978-1-946681-003   
  Notes: Available free as PDF, and as updated database, at   
  Reference for: Common Gartersnake[English]   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Flores-Villela, Oscar / McCoy, C. J., ed.  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title: Herpetofauna Mexicana: Lista anotada de las especies de anfibios y reptiles de México, cambios taxonómicos recientes, y nuevas especies   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Carnegie Museum of Natural History Special Publication, no. 17   
  Page(s): iv + 73   
  Publisher: Carnegie Museum of Natural History   
  Publication Place: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-911239-42-1   
  Reference for: Thamnophis sirtalis   

 Geographic Information
  Geographic Division: Middle America  
    North America  
  Jurisdiction/Origin: Alaska, Native  
    Canada, Native  
    Continental US, Native  
    Mexico, Native  



  Comment: Banks et al. (2004) note: Endangered in some areas of species' range  



 Subordinate Taxa  Rank  Verified Standards Met  Verified Min Standards Met  Unverified Percent Standards Met

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