the itis logo The report logo for the ITIS data page
Go to Print Version

Sturnidae  Rafinesque, 1815
Taxonomic Serial No.: 179635

(Download Help) Sturnidae TSN 179635

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Family  
  Synonym(s): Rhabdornithidae
  Common Name(s): étourneaux [French]
    Starlings [English]
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: complete   
  Latest Record Review: 2013   

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                      ClassAves  – Birds, oiseaux  
                         OrderPasseriformes  – Perching Birds, passereaux  
                            FamilySturnidae Rafinesque, 1815 – étourneaux, Starlings  
    Direct Children:  
                               Genus Acridotheres Vieillot, 1816  
                               Genus Agropsar Oates, 1889  
                               Genus Ampeliceps Blyth, 1842  
                               Genus Aplonis Gould, 1836  
                               Genus Basilornis Bonaparte, 1850  
                               Genus Cinnyricinclus Lesson, 1840  
                               Genus Creatophora Lesson, 1847  
                               Genus Enodes Temminck, 1839  
                               Genus Fregilupus Lesson, 1830  
                               Genus Gracula Linnaeus, 1758 – Hill Mynas 
                               Genus Gracupica Lesson, 1831  
                               Genus Grafisia Bates, 1926  
                               Genus Hartlaubius Bonaparte, 1853  
                               Genus Hylopsar Boetticher, 1940  
                               Genus Lamprotornis Temminck, 1820  
                               Genus Leucopsar Stresemann, 1912  
                               Genus Mino Lesson, 1827  
                               Genus Necropsar Slater, 1879  
                               Genus Neocichla Sharpe, 1876  
                               Genus Notopholia Roberts, 1922  
                               Genus Onychognathus Hartlaub, 1849  
                               Genus Pastor Temminck, 1815  
                               Genus Poeoptera Bonaparte, 1854  
                               Genus Rhabdornis Reichenbach, 1853  
                               Genus Sarcops Walden, 1875  
                               Genus Saroglossa Hodgson, 1844  
                               Genus Scissirostrum Lafresnaye, 1845  
                               Genus Speculipastor Reichenow, 1879  
                               Genus Spodiopsar Sharpe, 1889  
                               Genus Streptocitta Bonaparte, 1850  
                               Genus Sturnia Lesson, 1837  
                               Genus Sturnornis Legge, 1879  
                               Genus Sturnus Linnaeus, 1758 – Starlings 

  Expert: Alan P. Peterson, M.D.  
  Notes: PO Box 1999 Walla Walla, Washington 99362-0999   
  Reference for: Sturnidae    
  Expert: Richard C. Banks  
  Notes: Chief, Bird Section, U.S.G.S. - B.R.D. - P.W.R.C.   
  Reference for: Sturnidae    
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: ITIS*ca, website (version 2002)  
  Acquired: 2003   
  Reference for: étourneaux[French]   
  Source: IOC World Bird List, v 3.1, website (version 3.1)  
  Acquired: 2012   
  Notes: Gill, F., and D. Donsker, eds. 2012. IOC World Bird List (v 3.1). Available at [Accessed 18 May 2012]   
  Reference for: Starlings[English]   
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Reference for: Sturnidae   
  Source: Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource, 2011.02.07, website (version 07-Feb-11)  
  Acquired: 2012   
  Notes: "Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource" maintained by Alan P. Peterson at   
  Reference for: Sturnidae   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes  
  Publication Date: 2003   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Publication Place:    
  Notes: As-yet (2003) unpublished manuscript from 1998   
  Reference for: Sturnidae   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner  
  Publication Date: 1987   
  Article/Chapter Title: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Resource Publication, no. 166   
  Page(s): 79   
  Publisher: United States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service   
  Publication Place: Washington, D.C., USA   
  Reference for: Sturnidae   

 Geographic Information
  Geographic Division:    






 Subordinate Taxa  Rank  Verified Standards Met  Verified Min Standards Met  Unverified Percent Standards Met

A gray graphic bar
Search on:  Any Name or TSN  Common Name  Scientific Name  TSN
In:  Kingdom    

Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and up-to-date information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in provisions of treaties to which the United States is a party, wildlife statutes, regulations, and any applicable notices that have been published in the Federal Register. For further information on U.S. legal requirements with respect to protected taxa, please contact the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

A gray bar