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Spermophilus  F. Cuvier, 1825
Taxonomic Serial No.: 180145

(Download Help) Spermophilus TSN 180145

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Genus  
  Synonym(s): Citellus Oken, 1816
 
    Citillus Lichtenstein, 1830
 
    Colobates Milne-Edwards, 1874
 
    Colobotis Brandt, 1844
 
    Otocolobus Brandt, 1844
 
    Spermatophilus Wagler, 1830
 
    Spermophilus (Spermophilus) F. Cuvier, 1825
 
  Common Name(s): Ground Squirrels [English]
 
    old world ground squirrels [English]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: complete   
  Latest Record Review: 2013   
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomDeuterostomia   
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                InfraphylumGnathostomata   
                   SuperclassTetrapoda   
                      ClassMammalia Linnaeus, 1758 – mammifères, mamífero, mammals  
                         SubclassTheria Parker and Haswell, 1897  
                            InfraclassEutheria Gill, 1872  
                               OrderRodentia Bowdich, 1821 – esquilo, preá, rato, roedor, rongeurs, rodents  
                                  SuborderSciuromorpha Brandt, 1855 – squirrels  
                                     FamilySciuridae Fischer de Waldheim, 1817 – squirrels, marmots, chipmunks  
                                        SubfamilyXerinae Osborn, 1910  
                                           TribeMarmotini Pocock, 1923 – Holarctic ground squirrels  
                                              GenusSpermophilus F. Cuvier, 1825 – Ground Squirrels, old world ground squirrels  
    Direct Children:  
                                                 Species Spermophilus alashanicus Büchner, 1888 – Alashan Ground Squirrel 
                                                 Species Spermophilus brevicauda Brandt, 1843 – Brandt's Ground Squirrel 
                                                 Species Spermophilus citellus (Linnaeus, 1766) – European Ground Squirrel, European Souslik 
                                                 Species Spermophilus dauricus Brandt, 1843 – Daurian Ground Squirrel 
                                                 Species Spermophilus erythrogenys Brandt, 1841 – Red-cheeked Ground Squirrel 
                                                 Species Spermophilus fulvus (Lichtenstein, 1823) – Yellow Ground Squirrel 
                                                 Species Spermophilus major (Pallas, 1778) – Russet Ground Squirrel 
                                                 Species Spermophilus musicus Ménétries, 1832 – Caucasian Mountain Ground Squirrel 
                                                 Species Spermophilus pallidicauda (Satunin, 1903) – Pallid Ground Squirrel 
                                                 Species Spermophilus pygmaeus (Pallas, 1778) – Little Ground Squirrel 
                                                 Species Spermophilus ralli (Kuznetsov, 1948) – Tien Shan Ground Squirrel 
                                                 Species Spermophilus relictus (Kashkarov, 1923) – Relict Ground Squirrel 
                                                 Species Spermophilus suslicus (Güldenstaedt, 1770) – Speckled Ground Squirrel, Suslik 
                                                 Species Spermophilus taurensis Gündüz, Jaarola, Tez, Yeniyurt, Polly, and Searle, 2007 – Taurus Ground Squirrel 
                                                 Species Spermophilus xanthoprymnus (Bennett, 1835) – Asia Minor Ground Squirrel 
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert: Alfred L. Gardner  
  Notes: Curator of North American mammals and Chief of Mammal Section, National Biological Service, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC, USA   
  Reference for: Spermophilus    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Spermophilus   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner  
  Publication Date: 1987   
  Article/Chapter Title: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Resource Publication, no. 166   
  Page(s): 79   
  Publisher: United States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service   
  Publication Place: Washington, D.C., USA   
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Spermophilus   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Helgen, K. M., F. R. Cole, L. E. Helgen, and D. E. Wilson  
  Publication Date: 2009   
  Article/Chapter Title: Generic revision in the Holarctic ground squirrel genus Spermophilus   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Journal of Mammalogy, vol. 90, no. 2   
  Page(s): 270-305   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 0022-2372   
  Notes: Available online at http://www.jstor.org/stable/30224475   
  Reference for: old world ground squirrels[English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Thorington, Richard W., Jr., and Robert S. Hoffman / Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 2005   
  Article/Chapter Title: Family Sciuridae   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vol. 2   
  Page(s): 754-818   
  Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press   
  Publication Place: Baltimore, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-8018-8221-4   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Spermophilus   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Thorington, Richard W., Jr., John L. Koprowski, Michael A. Steele, and James F. Whatton  
  Publication Date: 2012   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Squirrels of the World   
  Page(s): vii + 459   
  Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press   
  Publication Place: Baltimore, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-4214-0469-9   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Spermophilus, Ground Squirrels [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing   
  Page(s): xviii + 1207   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-217-9   
  Notes: Corrections were made to text at 3rd printing   
  Reference for: Spermophilus   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole  
  Publication Date: 2000   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Common Names of Mammals of the World   
  Page(s): xiv + 204   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-383-3   
  Notes: With contributions by Bernadette N. Graham, Adam P. Potter, and Mariana M. Upmeyer   
  Reference for: Spermophilus, Ground Squirrels [English]   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division:    
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin:    
 

 

   

 Comments
       
  Comment: Comments: Tribe Marmotini (Moore, 1959). Citellus Oken, 1816 has been widely used, but is invalid (Corbet, 1978c:82; Hershkovitz, 1949b). Includes Otospermophilus, Xerospermophilus, Ictidomys, Poliocitellus, Callospermophilus, and Spermophilus as subgenera (Hall, 1981:382); Gromov et al. (1965) gave the first three taxa generic rank, and considered Poliocitellus a subgenus of Ictidomys, while placing Callospermophilus and Otospermophilus as sister subgenera under genus Otospermophilus. North American...  
 

 

   

 
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