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Spermophilus citellus  (Linnaeus, 1766)
Taxonomic Serial No.: 632446

(Download Help) Spermophilus citellus TSN 632446

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Synonym(s):    
  Common Name(s): European Ground Squirrel [English]
 
    European Souslik [English]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomDeuterostomia   
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                InfraphylumGnathostomata   
                   SuperclassTetrapoda   
                      ClassMammalia Linnaeus, 1758 – mammifères, mamífero, mammals  
                         SubclassTheria Parker and Haswell, 1897  
                            InfraclassEutheria Gill, 1872  
                               OrderRodentia Bowdich, 1821 – esquilo, preá, rato, roedor, rongeurs, rodents  
                                  SuborderSciuromorpha Brandt, 1855 – squirrels  
                                     FamilySciuridae Fischer de Waldheim, 1817 – squirrels, marmots, chipmunks  
                                        SubfamilyXerinae Osborn, 1910  
                                           TribeMarmotini Pocock, 1923 – Holarctic ground squirrels  
                                              GenusSpermophilus F. Cuvier, 1825 – Ground Squirrels, old world ground squirrels  
                                                 SpeciesSpermophilus citellus (Linnaeus, 1766) – European Ground Squirrel, European Souslik  
    Direct Children:  
                                                    Subspecies Spermophilus citellus citellus (Linnaeus, 1766)  
                                                    Subspecies Spermophilus citellus gradojevici (Martino, 1929)  
                                                    Subspecies Spermophilus citellus istricus (Calinescu, 1934)  
                                                    Subspecies Spermophilus citellus martinoi (Peshchev, 1955)  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
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  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Helgen, K. M., F. R. Cole, L. E. Helgen, and D. E. Wilson  
  Publication Date: 2009   
  Article/Chapter Title: Generic revision in the Holarctic ground squirrel genus Spermophilus   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Journal of Mammalogy, vol. 90, no. 2   
  Page(s): 270-305   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 0022-2372   
  Notes: Available online at http://www.jstor.org/stable/30224475   
  Reference for: Spermophilus citellus   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Thorington, Richard W., Jr., and Robert S. Hoffman / Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 2005   
  Article/Chapter Title: Family Sciuridae   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vol. 2   
  Page(s): 754-818   
  Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press   
  Publication Place: Baltimore, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-8018-8221-4   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Spermophilus citellus, European Ground Squirrel [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Thorington, Richard W., Jr., John L. Koprowski, Michael A. Steele, and James F. Whatton  
  Publication Date: 2012   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Squirrels of the World   
  Page(s): vii + 459   
  Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press   
  Publication Place: Baltimore, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-4214-0469-9   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Spermophilus citellus, European Ground Squirrel [English], European Souslik [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing   
  Page(s): xviii + 1207   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-217-9   
  Notes: Corrections were made to text at 3rd printing   
  Reference for: Spermophilus citellus   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole  
  Publication Date: 2000   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Common Names of Mammals of the World   
  Page(s): xiv + 204   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-383-3   
  Notes: With contributions by Bernadette N. Graham, Adam P. Potter, and Mariana M. Upmeyer   
  Reference for: Spermophilus citellus, European Ground Squirrel [English]   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division: Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China)  
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin:    
 

 

   

 Comments
       
  Comment: Status: IUCN - Vulnerable  
    Comments: Subgenus Spermophilus. Formerly included dauricus and xanthoprymnus as in Ellerman and Morrison-Scott (1951:506); but see Gromov et al. (1965:208, 237), Vorontsov and Lyapunova (1970), and Orlov and Davaa (1975). Cytogenetics described by Belcheva and Peshev (1985) and Soldatovic et al. (1984); xanthoprymnus is now considered to be more closely aligned with suslicus and dauricus (Harrison et al., 2003)  
 

 

   

 
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