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Apalone spinifera  (Le Sueur, 1827)
Taxonomic Serial No.: 208680

(Download Help) Apalone spinifera TSN 208680

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Synonym(s): Trionyx spiniferus Le Sueur, 1827
    Trionyx ferox spinifera Le Sueur, 1827
    Amyda ferox spinifera (Le Sueur, 1827)
  Common Name(s): Spiny Softshell [English]
    tortue-molle à épines [French]
    Tortuga-casco suave espinosa [Spanish]
    Spiny Softshell Turtle [English]
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                      ClassReptilia Laurenti, 1768 – répteis, reptiles, Reptiles  
                         OrderTestudines Batsch, 1788 – tortues, Turtles, Terrapins, Tortoises  
                            SuborderCryptodira Cope, 1868  
                               SuperfamilyTrionychoidea Gray, 1825  
                                  FamilyTrionychidae Gray, 1825 – Softshell Turtles  
                                     SubfamilyTrionychinae Gray, 1825  
                                        GenusApalone Rafinesque, 1832 – North American Softshell Turtles, North American Softshells  
                                           SpeciesApalone spinifera (Le Sueur, 1827) – Spiny Softshell, tortue-molle à épines, Tortuga-casco suave espinosa, Spiny Softshell Turtle  
    Direct Children:  
                                              Subspecies Apalone spinifera aspera (Agassiz, 1857) – Gulf Coast Spiny Softshell Turtle, Gulf Coast Spiny Softshell 
                                              Subspecies Apalone spinifera atra (Webb and Legler, 1960) – Black Spiny Softshell Turtle, Cuatro Cienegas Softshell 
                                              Subspecies Apalone spinifera emoryi (Agassiz, 1857) – Texas Spiny Softshell Turtle, Texas Spiny Softshell 
                                              Subspecies Apalone spinifera guadalupensis (Webb, 1962) – Guadalupe Spiny Softshell Turtle, Guadalupe Spiny Softshell 
                                              Subspecies Apalone spinifera pallida (Webb, 1962) – Pallid Spiny Softshell Turtle, Pallid Spiny Softshell 
                                              Subspecies Apalone spinifera spinifera (Le Sueur, 1827) – Northern Spiny Softshell Turtle, Eastern Spiny Softshell 

  Expert: Roy W. McDiarmid  
  Notes: U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center   
  Reference for: Apalone spinifera    
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: CDP, database (version 1999)  
  Acquired: 2003   
  Reference for: Spiny Softshell[English], tortue-molle à épines [French]   
  Source: Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad, database (version undefined)  
  Acquired: 2000   
  Notes: CONABIO: (   
  Reference for: Apalone spinifera   
  Source: Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad, database (version undefined)  
  Acquired: 2001   
  Notes: CONABIO: (   
  Reference for: Tortuga-casco suave espinosa[Spanish]   
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Reference for: Apalone spinifera   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes  
  Publication Date: 2004   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada, draft (2004)   
  Publication Place:    
  Notes: As-yet (2004) unpublished manuscript from 1998   
  Reference for: Apalone spinifera   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Crother, Brian I., Jeff Boundy, Frank T. Burbrink, Jonathan A. Campbell, Kevin de Queiroz, et al.  
  Publication Date: 2012   
  Article/Chapter Title: Scientific and standard English names of amphibians and reptiles of North America north of Mexico, with comments regarding confidence in our understanding, Seventh Ed.   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Herpetological Circular, no. 39   
  Page(s): 1-92   
  Publisher: Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles   
  Publication Place: Shoreview, Minnesota, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 9780916984854   
  Notes: Available free as a PDF at   
  Reference for: Apalone spinifera, Spiny Softshell [English]   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Flores-Villela, Oscar / McCoy, C. J., ed.  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title: Herpetofauna Mexicana: Lista anotada de las especies de anfibios y reptiles de México, cambios taxonómicos recientes, y nuevas especies   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Carnegie Museum of Natural History Special Publication, no. 17   
  Page(s): iv + 73   
  Publisher: Carnegie Museum of Natural History   
  Publication Place: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-911239-42-1   
  Reference for: Apalone spinifera   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Iverson, John B.  
  Publication Date: 1992   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: A Revised Checklist with Distribution Maps of the Turtles of the World   
  Page(s): xiii + 363   
  Publisher: Privately Printed   
  Publication Place: Richmond, Indiana   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-9617431-0-5   
  Reference for: Apalone spinifera   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Turtle Taxonomy Working Group [van Dijk, P. P., J. Iverson, A. Rhodin, H. Shaffer, and R. Bour]  
  Publication Date: 2014   
  Article/Chapter Title: Turtles of the World, 7th Edition: Annotated Checklist of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution with maps, and Conservation Status   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Chelonian Research Monographs, no. 5, v. 7   
  Page(s): 329-479   
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 1088-7105   
  Notes: doi:10.3854/crm.5.000.checklist.v7.2014 - Available online at   
  Reference for: Apalone spinifera, Spiny Softshell Turtle [English]   

 Geographic Information
  Geographic Division: Middle America  
    North America  
  Jurisdiction/Origin: Continental US, Native & Introduced  
    Canada, Native  
    Hawaii, Introduced  
    Mexico, Native  



  Comment: IUCN: Least Concern (2011)  



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