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Euphorbia bifida  Hook. & Arn.
Taxonomic Serial No.: 845507

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 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
  Kingdom: Plantae  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Synonym(s): Euphorbia reinwardtiana Steud.
    Euphorbia parannaquensis Blanco
    Chamaesyce parannaquensis (Blanco) H. Hara
    Chamaesyce harmandii (Gagnep.) SojŠk
    Euphorbia vachellii Hook. & Arn.
    Euphorbia serrulata Reinw. ex Blume
    Euphorbia backeri Pax & K. Hoffm.
    Chamaesyce vachellii (Hook. & Arn.) H. Hara
    Chamaesyce coudercii (Gagnep.) SojŠk
    Chamaesyce bifida (Hook. & Arn.) T. Kuros.
    Euphorbia harmandii Gagnep.
    Euphorbia vachellii var. pubescens (Warb.) Oudejans
    Euphorbia serrulata var. pubescens Warb.
    Euphorbia coudercii f. glaberrima Gagnep.
  Common Name(s):    
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: accepted  
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
 KingdomPlantae  – plantes, Planta, Vegetal, plants  
    SubkingdomViridiplantae  – green plants  
       InfrakingdomStreptophyta  – land plants  
             DivisionTracheophyta  – vascular plants, tracheophytes  
                SubdivisionSpermatophytina  – spermatophytes, seed plants, phanťrogames  
                            FamilyEuphorbiaceae  – spurge, euphorbes  
                               GenusEuphorbia L. – spurge  
                                  SpeciesEuphorbia bifida Hook. & Arn.  

  Expert: Paul E. Berry, PhD  
  Notes: Director, University of Michigan Herbarium   
  Reference for: Euphorbia bifida    
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: eFloras: Flora of China, 2011, database (version 2011)  
  Acquired: 2011   
  Notes: eFloras, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA. Published on the Internet   
  Reference for: Euphorbia bifida   
  Source: Euphorbia Planetary Biodiversity Inventory database, database (version 2016)  
  Acquired: 2016   
  Notes: Riina, R. and Berry, P.E. (coordinators). 2016. Euphorbia Planetary Biodiversity Inventory database. Available from Tolkin (   
  Reference for: Euphorbia bifida   
  Source: Malpighiales of North America Update, database (version 2011)  
  Acquired: 2011   
  Notes: Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010)   
  Reference for: Euphorbia bifida   
  Publication Date:    
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.:    
  Publication Place:    
  Reference for:    

 Geographic Information
  Geographic Division: Australia  
    Southern Asia  






 Subordinate Taxa  Rank  Verified Standards Met  Verified Min Standards Met  Unverified Percent Standards Met

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Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and up-to-date information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in provisions of treaties to which the United States is a party, wildlife statutes, regulations, and any applicable notices that have been published in the Federal Register. For further information on U.S. legal requirements with respect to protected taxa, please contact the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

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