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Bufonidae  Gray, 1825
Taxonomic Serial No.: 173471

(Download Help) Bufonidae TSN 173471

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Family  
  Synonym(s):    
  Common Name(s): Bufonids [English]
 
    bufonidés [French]
 
    crapauds [French]
 
    Toads [English]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
  Global Species Completeness: complete   
  Latest Record Review: 2009   
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomDeuterostomia   
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                InfraphylumGnathostomata   
                   SuperclassTetrapoda   
                      ClassAmphibia  – amphibiens, anfíbio, Amphibians  
                         OrderAnura  – Frogs, perereca, rã, sapo, crapauds, grenouilles, Toads  
                            FamilyBufonidae Gray, 1825 – Bufonids, bufonidés, crapauds, Toads  
    Direct Children:  
                               Genus Adenomus Cope, 1861  
                               Genus Altiphrynoides Dubois, 1987  
                               Genus Amietophrynus Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, et al., 2006  
                               Genus Anaxyrus Tschudi, 1845 – North American Toads 
                               Genus Andinophryne Hoogmoed, 1985  
                               Genus Ansonia Stoliczka, 1870  
                               Genus Atelopus Duméril and Bibron, 1841  
                               Genus Bufo Laurenti, 1768 – Toads 
                               Genus Bufoides Pillai and Yazdani, 1973  
                               Genus Capensibufo Grandison, 1980  
                               Genus Churamiti Channing and Stanley, 2002  
                               Genus Crepidophryne Cope, 1889  
                               Genus Dendrophryniscus Jiménez de la Espada, 1870  
                               Genus Didynamipus Andersson, 1903  
                               Genus Duttaphrynus Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, et al., 2006  
                               Genus Epidalea Cope, 1864  
                               Genus Frostius Cannatella, 1986  
                               Genus Incilius Cope, 1863  
                               Genus Ingerophrynus Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, et al., 2006  
                               Genus Laurentophryne Tihen, 1960  
                               Genus Leptophryne Fitzinger, 1843  
                               Genus Melanophryniscus Gallardo, 1961  
                               Genus Mertensophryne Tihen, 1960  
                               Genus Metaphryniscus Señaris, Ayarzagüena and Gorzula, 1994  
                               Genus Nannophryne Günther, 1870  
                               Genus Nectophryne Buchholz and Peters In Peters, 1875  
                               Genus Nectophrynoides Noble, 1926  
                               Genus Nimbaphrynoides Dubois, 1987  
                               Genus Oreophrynella Boulenger, 1895  
                               Genus Osornophryne Ruiz-Carranza and Hernández-Camacho, 1976  
                               Genus Parapelophryne Fei, Ye and Jiang, 2003  
                               Genus Pedostibes Günther, 1876  
                               Genus Pelophryne Barbour, 1938  
                               Genus Peltophryne Fitzinger, 1843 – West Indian Toads 
                               Genus Phrynoidis Fitzinger, 1843  
                               Genus Poyntonophrynus Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, et al., 2006  
                               Genus Pseudepidalea Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, et al., 2006  
                               Genus Pseudobufo Tschudi, 1838  
                               Genus Rhaebo Cope, 1862  
                               Genus Rhinella Fitzinger, 1826 – South American Toads 
                               Genus Sabahphrynus Matsui, Yambun and Sudin, 2007  
                               Genus Schismaderma Smith, 1849  
                               Genus Truebella Graybeal and Cannatella, 1995  
                               Genus Vandijkophrynus Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, et al., 2006  
                               Genus Werneria Poche, 1903  
                               Genus Wolterstorffina Mertens, 1939  
       
                             FamilyBufonidae Gray, 1825 incertae sedis  
    Children with Uncertain Position:  
                               Species Bufo arabicus Heyden, 1827  
                               Species Bufo atukoralei Bogert and Senanayake, 1966  
                               Species Bufo beddomii Günther, 1876  
                               Species Bufo brevirostris Rao, 1937  
                               Species Bufo dhufarensis Parker, 1931  
                               Species Bufo dodsoni Boulenger, 1895  
                               Species Bufo hololius Günther, 1876  
                               Species Bufo kotagamai Fernando and Dayawansa in Fernando, Dayawansa and Siriwardhane, 1994  
                               Species Bufo koynayensis Soman, 1963  
                               Species Bufo mauritanicus Schlegel, 1841  
                               Species Bufo olivaceus Blanford, 1874  
                               Species Bufo parietalis Boulenger, 1882  
                               Species Bufo pentoni Anderson, 1893  
                               Species Bufo scaber Schneider, 1799  
                               Species Bufo scorteccii Balletto and Cherchi, 1970  
                               Species Bufo silentvalleyensis Pillai, 1981  
                               Species Bufo stejnegeri Schmidt, 1931  
                               Species Bufo stomaticus Lütken, 1864  
                               Species Bufo stuarti Smith, 1929  
                               Species Bufo sumatranus Peters, 1871  
                               Species Bufo tihamicus Balletto and Cherchi, 1973  
                               Species Bufo valhallae Meade-Waldo, 1909  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert: Roy W. McDiarmid  
  Notes: U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center   
  Reference for: Bufonidae    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: ITIS*ca, website (version 2002)  
  Acquired: 2003   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: bufonidés[French], crapauds [French]   
       
  Source: Amphibian Species of the World: An online reference, website (version 2.20)  
  Acquired: 2001   
  Notes: Frost, Darrel R. 2000. Amphibian Species of the World: An online reference. V2.20 (1 September 2000) (http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.html)   
  Reference for: Bufonidae   
       
  Source: Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference, database (version 3)  
  Acquired: 2004   
  Notes: Frost, Darrel R. 2004. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 3.0 (22 August, 2004). Electronic Database accessible at http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.html. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA   
  Reference for: Bufonidae   
       
  Source: Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference v5.3, database (version 5.3)  
  Acquired: 2009   
  Notes: Frost, Darrel R. 2009. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 5.3 (12 February, 2009). Electronic Database accessible at http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/ American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA   
  Reference for: Bufonidae   
       
  Source: Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad, database (version undefined)  
  Acquired: 2000   
  Notes: CONABIO: (http://www.conabio.gob.mx/)   
  Reference for: Bufonidae   
       
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Bufonidae   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes  
  Publication Date: 2004   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada, draft (2004)   
  Page(s):    
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes: As-yet (2004) unpublished manuscript from 1998   
  Reference for: Bufonidae, Toads [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Flores-Villela, Oscar / McCoy, C. J., ed.  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title: Herpetofauna Mexicana: Lista anotada de las especies de anfibios y reptiles de México, cambios taxonómicos recientes, y nuevas especies   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Carnegie Museum of Natural History Special Publication, no. 17   
  Page(s): iv + 73   
  Publisher: Carnegie Museum of Natural History   
  Publication Place: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-911239-42-1   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Bufonidae   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division:    
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin:    
 

 

   

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