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Procyon lotor  (Linnaeus, 1758)
Taxonomic Serial No.: 180575

(Download Help) Procyon lotor TSN 180575

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Synonym(s):    
  Common Name(s): Raccoon [English]
 
    northern raccoon [English]
 
    Mapache común [Spanish]
 
    common raccoon [English]
 
    raton laveur [French]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomDeuterostomia   
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                InfraphylumGnathostomata   
                   SuperclassTetrapoda   
                      ClassMammalia Linnaeus, 1758 – mammifères, mamífero, mammals  
                         SubclassTheria Parker and Haswell, 1897  
                            InfraclassEutheria Gill, 1872  
                               OrderCarnivora Bowdich, 1821 – cachorro do mato, carnívoro, gato do mato, lontra, carnivores, carnivores  
                                  SuborderCaniformia Kretzoi, 1938 – dog-like carnivores  
                                     FamilyProcyonidae Gray, 1825 – procyonids  
                                        GenusProcyon Storr, 1780 – raccoons  
                                           SpeciesProcyon lotor (Linnaeus, 1758) – Raccoon, northern raccoon, Mapache común, common raccoon, raton laveur  
    Direct Children:  
                                              Subspecies Procyon lotor auspicatus Nelson, 1930  
                                              Subspecies Procyon lotor elucus Bangs, 1898  
                                              Subspecies Procyon lotor excelsus Nelson and Goldman, 1930  
                                              Subspecies Procyon lotor fuscipes Mearns, 1914  
                                              Subspecies Procyon lotor gloveralleni Nelson and Goldman, 1930  
                                              Subspecies Procyon lotor grinnelli Nelson and Goldman, 1930  
                                              Subspecies Procyon lotor hernandezii Wagler, 1831  
                                              Subspecies Procyon lotor hirtus Nelson and Goldman, 1930  
                                              Subspecies Procyon lotor incautus Nelson, 1930  
                                              Subspecies Procyon lotor inesperatus Nelson, 1930  
                                              Subspecies Procyon lotor insularis Merriam, 1898  
                                              Subspecies Procyon lotor litoreus Nelson and Goldman, 1930  
                                              Subspecies Procyon lotor lotor (Linnaeus, 1758)  
                                              Subspecies Procyon lotor marinus Nelson, 1930  
                                              Subspecies Procyon lotor maynardi Bangs, 1898  
                                              Subspecies Procyon lotor megalodous Lowery, 1943  
                                              Subspecies Procyon lotor pacificus Merriam, 1899  
                                              Subspecies Procyon lotor pallidus Merriam, 1900  
                                              Subspecies Procyon lotor psora Gray, 1842  
                                              Subspecies Procyon lotor pumilus Miller, 1911  
                                              Subspecies Procyon lotor simus Gidley, 1906  
                                              Subspecies Procyon lotor vancouverensis Nelson and Goldman, 1930  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert: Alfred L. Gardner  
  Notes: Curator of North American mammals and Chief of Mammal Section, National Biological Service, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC, USA   
  Reference for: Procyon lotor    
       
  Expert: W. Christopher Wozencraft  
  Notes: Division of Natural Sciences, Bethel College, 1001 W. McKinley Ave., Mishawaka, IN 46545   
  Reference for: Procyon lotor    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: CDP, database (version 1999)  
  Acquired: 2003   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: common raccoon[English], raton laveur [French]   
       
  Source: Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad, database (version undefined)  
  Acquired: 2001   
  Notes: CONABIO: (http://www.conabio.gob.mx/)   
  Reference for: Mapache común[Spanish]   
       
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Procyon lotor   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner  
  Publication Date: 1987   
  Article/Chapter Title: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Resource Publication, no. 166   
  Page(s): 79   
  Publisher: United States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service   
  Publication Place: Washington, D.C., USA   
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Procyon lotor   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing   
  Page(s): xviii + 1207   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-217-9   
  Notes: Corrections were made to text at 3rd printing   
  Reference for: Procyon lotor   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 2005   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2   
  Page(s): 2142   
  Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press   
  Publication Place: Baltimore, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-8018-8221-4   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Procyon lotor, Raccoon [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole  
  Publication Date: 2000   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Common Names of Mammals of the World   
  Page(s): xiv + 204   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-383-3   
  Notes: With contributions by Bernadette N. Graham, Adam P. Potter, and Mariana M. Upmeyer   
  Reference for: Procyon lotor   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division: Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China)  
    Middle America  
    South America  
    North America  
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin: Continental US, Native  
    Canada, Native  
    Mexico, Native  
 

 

   

 Comments
       
  Comment: Status: IUCN - Extinct as P. gloveralleni, Endangered as P. insularis, P. maynardi, and P. minor, Lower Risk (lc) as P. lotor  
    Comments: Reviewed by Lotze and Anderson (1979). Includes the Caribbean introduced populations of gloveralleni, minor, and maynardi after Helgen and Wilson (2003); includes insularis after Helgen and Wilson (2005). Synonyms allocated according to Cabrera (1957), Lotze and Anderson (1979), and Helgen and Wilson (2003; 2005)  
 

 

   

 
 Subordinate Taxa  Rank  Verified Standards Met  Verified Min Standards Met  Unverified Percent Standards Met
 
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