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Halichoerus grypus  (Fabricius, 1791)
Taxonomic Serial No.: 180653

(Download Help) Halichoerus grypus TSN 180653

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Synonym(s): Phoca grypus Fabricius, 1791
 
    Halichoerus griseus Nilsson, 1820
 
  Common Name(s): Gray Seal [English]
 
    Atlantic gray seal [English]
 
    Atlantic seal [English]
 
    Baltic gray seal [English]
 
    horsehead [English]
 
    phoque gris [French]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomDeuterostomia   
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                InfraphylumGnathostomata   
                   SuperclassTetrapoda   
                      ClassMammalia Linnaeus, 1758 – mammifères, mamífero, mammals  
                         SubclassTheria Parker and Haswell, 1897  
                            InfraclassEutheria Gill, 1872  
                               OrderCarnivora Bowdich, 1821 – cachorro do mato, carnívoro, gato do mato, lontra, carnivores, carnivores  
                                  SuborderCaniformia Kretzoi, 1938 – dog-like carnivores  
                                     FamilyPhocidae Gray, 1821 – earless seals, true seals  
                                        GenusHalichoerus Nilsson, 1820 – gray seals  
                                           SpeciesHalichoerus grypus (Fabricius, 1791) – Gray Seal, Atlantic gray seal, Atlantic seal, Baltic gray seal, horsehead, phoque gris  
    Direct Children:  
                                              Subspecies Halichoerus grypus atlantica Nehring, 1886 – Atlantic gray seal 
                                              Subspecies Halichoerus grypus grypus (Fabricius, 1791) – Baltic gray seal 
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert: Alfred L. Gardner  
  Notes: Curator of North American mammals and Chief of Mammal Section, National Biological Service, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC, USA   
  Reference for: Halichoerus grypus    
       
  Expert: W. Christopher Wozencraft  
  Notes: Division of Natural Sciences, Bethel College, 1001 W. McKinley Ave., Mishawaka, IN 46545   
  Reference for: Halichoerus grypus    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: CDP, database (version 1999)  
  Acquired: 2003   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Gray Seal[English], phoque gris [French]   
       
  Source: List of Marine Mammal Species and Subspecies, website (version Aug 2018)  
  Acquired: 2019   
  Notes: Committee on Taxonomy. 2018. List of marine mammal species and subspecies. Society for Marine Mammalogy, www.marinemammalscience.org, consulted on 8 October 2019   
  Reference for: Halichoerus grypus, Gray Seal [English]   
       
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Halichoerus grypus   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner  
  Publication Date: 1987   
  Article/Chapter Title: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Resource Publication, no. 166   
  Page(s): 79   
  Publisher: United States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service   
  Publication Place: Washington, D.C., USA   
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Halichoerus grypus   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Hall, E. Raymond  
  Publication Date: 1981   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: The Mammals of North America, vol. 2, 2nd ed.   
  Page(s): 601-1175   
  Publisher: John Wiley and Sons, Inc.   
  Publication Place: New York, New York, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-471-05443-5   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Halichoerus grypus   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Olsen, Morten Tange, Anders Galatius, Vincent Biard, Kristian Gregersen, and Carl Christian Kinze  
  Publication Date: 2016   
  Article/Chapter Title: The forgotten type specimen of the grey seal [Halichoerus grypus (Fabricius, 1791)] from the island of Amager, Denmark   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, vol. 178, no. 3   
  Page(s): 713-720   
  Publisher:    
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 1096-3642   
  Notes: doi: 10.1111/zoj.12426   
  Reference for: Halichoerus grypus   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Rice, Dale W.  
  Publication Date: 1998   
  Article/Chapter Title: Marine Mammals of the World: Systematics and Distribution   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Special Publications of the Society for Marine Mammals, no. 4   
  Page(s): ix + 231   
  Publisher: The Society for Marine Mammalogy   
  Publication Place: Lawrence, Kansas, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-891276-03-4   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Halichoerus grypus   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing   
  Page(s): xviii + 1207   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-217-9   
  Notes: Corrections were made to text at 3rd printing   
  Reference for: Halichoerus grypus   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 2005   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2   
  Page(s): 2142   
  Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press   
  Publication Place: Baltimore, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-8018-8221-4   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Halichoerus grypus, Gray Seal [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole  
  Publication Date: 2000   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Common Names of Mammals of the World   
  Page(s): xiv + 204   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-383-3   
  Notes: With contributions by Bernadette N. Graham, Adam P. Potter, and Mariana M. Upmeyer   
  Reference for: Halichoerus grypus   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Würsig, Bernd, J. G. M. Thewissen, and Kit M. Kovacs, eds.  
  Publication Date: 2018   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals, 3rd edition   
  Page(s): xxxi + 1157   
  Publisher: Elsevier   
  Publication Place: Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 978-0-12-8043271   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Halichoerus grypus, Gray Seal [English]   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division: North America  
    Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China)  
    Eastern Atlantic Ocean  
    Western Atlantic Ocean  
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin: Canada, Native  
    Continental US, Native  
 

 

   

 Comments
       
  Comment: Comments: Synonyms allocated according to Ellerman and Morrison-Scott (1951)  
    Status: IUCN - Lower Risk (lc), except for Northeast Atlantic subpopulation, which is Endangered  
 

 

   

 
 Subordinate Taxa  Rank  Verified Standards Met  Verified Min Standards Met  Unverified Percent Standards Met
 
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