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Chlidonias niger  (Linnaeus, 1758)
Taxonomic Serial No.: 176959

(Download Help) Chlidonias niger TSN 176959

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Synonym(s): Chilidonias niger (Linnaeus, 1758)
  Common Name(s): Charrán negro [Spanish]
    Black Tern [English]
    Guifette noire [French]
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                      ClassAves  – Birds, oiseaux  
                         OrderCharadriiformes  – Shore Birds, Gulls, Alcids, Plovers, Oystercatchers, goélands, alcidés, Auks, huîtriers  
                            FamilyLaridae  – Gulls, Terns, becs-en-ciseaux, goélands, labbes, mouettes, Skimmers  
                               GenusChlidonias Rafinesque, 1822 – Black Terns  
                                  SpeciesChlidonias niger (Linnaeus, 1758) – Charrán negro, Black Tern, Guifette noire  
    Direct Children:  
                                     Subspecies Chlidonias niger niger (Linnaeus, 1758)  
                                     Subspecies Chlidonias niger surinamensis (Gmelin, 1789)  

  Expert: Alan P. Peterson, M.D.  
  Notes: PO Box 1999 Walla Walla, Washington 99362-0999   
  Reference for: Chlidonias niger    
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: CDP, database (version 1999)  
  Acquired: 2003   
  Reference for: Black Tern[English]   
  Source: AOU Check-List (07-2005), website (version Jul-2005)  
  Acquired: 2005   
  Notes: American Ornithologists' Union's "LIST OF THE 2,037 BIRD SPECIES (WITH SCIENTIFIC AND ENGLISH NAMES) KNOWN FROM THE A.O.U. CHECK-LIST AREA" (AOU Check-list, 7th edition, updated with Supplements 42-46), maintained at   
  Reference for: Black Tern[English]   
  Source: AOU Check-List (08-2011), website (version Aug-2011)  
  Acquired: 2011   
  Notes: American Ornithologists' Union's "Check-list of North American Birds - List of the 2,078 Bird Species Known From the A.O.U. Check-list Area" (AOU Check-list, 7th edition, updated with Supplements 42-52), maintained at   
  Reference for: Chlidonias niger, Black Tern [English], Guifette noire [French]   
  Source: Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad, database (version undefined)  
  Acquired: 2001   
  Notes: CONABIO: (   
  Reference for: Charrán negro[Spanish]   
  Source: IOC World Bird List, Master List v2.9, website (version 2.9)  
  Acquired: 2011   
  Notes: Master list and sub-lists are maintained at, and 'virtually replace' Gill & Wright 2006 (Birds of the World, Recommended English Names)   
  Reference for: Chlidonias niger, Black Tern [English]   
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Reference for: Chlidonias niger   
  Source: Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource, 2011.04.02, website (version 02-Apr-11)  
  Acquired: 2011   
  Notes: "Zoonomen - Zoological Nomenclature Resource" maintained by Alan P. Peterson at   
  Reference for: Chlidonias niger   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): American Ornithologists' Union  
  Publication Date: 2006   
  Article/Chapter Title: Forty-seventh supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union Check-list of North American Birds   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: The Auk, vol. 123, no. 3   
  Page(s): 926-936   
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 0004-8038   
  Reference for: Chlidonias niger, Black Tern [English]   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes  
  Publication Date: 2003   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Publication Place:    
  Notes: As-yet (2003) unpublished manuscript from 1998   
  Reference for: Chlidonias niger   
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Gill, Frank, and Minturn Wright  
  Publication Date: 2006   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Birds of the World: Recommended English Names   
  Page(s): ix + 259   
  Publisher: Princeton University Press   
  Publication Place: Princeton, New Jersey, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-691-12827-8   
  Notes: Includes a CD-ROM with the full dataset   
  Reference for: Chlidonias niger, Black Tern [English]   

 Geographic Information
  Geographic Division: North America  
  Jurisdiction/Origin: Alaska, Incidental  
    Canada, Native  
    Caribbean Territories, Native  
    Continental US, Native  
    Hawaii, Incidental  






 Subordinate Taxa  Rank  Verified Standards Met  Verified Min Standards Met  Unverified Percent Standards Met

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