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Ondatra zibethicus  (Linnaeus, 1766)
Taxonomic Serial No.: 180318

(Download Help) Ondatra zibethicus TSN 180318

 Taxonomy and Nomenclature
       
  Kingdom: Animalia  
  Taxonomic Rank: Species  
  Synonym(s): Castor zibethicus Linnaeus, 1766
 
    Ondatra americana Tiedemann, 1808
 
    Fiber zibethicus nigra Richardson, 1829
 
    Fiber zibethicus maculosa Richardson, 1829
 
    Fiber zibethicus varius Fitzinger, 1867
 
    Fiber zibethicus niger Fitzinger, 1867
 
    Ondatra zibethicus zibethicus (Linnaeus, 1766)
 
    Fiber macrodon Merriam, 1897
 
    Fiber obscurus Bangs, 1894
 
    Fiber occipitalis Elliot, 1903
 
    Fiber osoyoosensis Lord, 1863
 
    Fiber spatulatus Osgood, 1900
 
    Fiber zibethicus albus Sabine, 1823
 
    Fiber zibethicus aquilonius Bangs, 1899
 
    Ondatra zibethica bernardi Goldman, 1932
 
    Fiber zibethicus cinnamominus Hollister, 1910
 
    Fiber zibethicus hudsonius Preble, 1902
 
    Ondatra zibethica goldmani Huey, 1938
 
    Fiber zibethicus mergens Hollister, 1910
 
    Fiber zibethicus pallidus Mearns, 1890
 
    Fiber zibethicus ripensis Bailey, 1902
 
    Fiber zibethicus rivalicius Bangs, 1895
 
    Fiber zibethicus zalophus Hollister, 1910
 
    Ondatra zibethicus ripensis (Bailey, 1902)
 
  Common Name(s): Muskbeaver [English]
 
    rat musqué [French]
 
    Muskrat [English]
 
    Common Muskrat [English]
 
       
  Taxonomic Status:    
  Current Standing: valid  
       
  Data Quality Indicators:    
  Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met  
       

 Taxonomic Hierarchy
       
 KingdomAnimalia  – Animal, animaux, animals  
    SubkingdomBilateria   
       InfrakingdomDeuterostomia   
          PhylumChordata  – cordés, cordado, chordates  
             SubphylumVertebrata  – vertebrado, vertébrés, vertebrates  
                InfraphylumGnathostomata   
                   SuperclassTetrapoda   
                      ClassMammalia Linnaeus, 1758 – mammifères, mamífero, mammals  
                         SubclassTheria Parker and Haswell, 1897  
                            InfraclassEutheria Gill, 1872  
                               OrderRodentia Bowdich, 1821 – esquilo, preá, rato, roedor, rongeurs, rodents  
                                  SuborderMyomorpha Brandt, 1855 – Rats, souris, Mice, Rats, Voles, Gerbils, Hamsters, Lemmings  
                                     SuperfamilyMuroidea Illiger, 1811  
                                        FamilyCricetidae Fischer, 1817  
                                           SubfamilyArvicolinae Gray, 1821 – arvicoline rodents  
                                              GenusOndatra Link, 1795 – muskrats, Muskrat  
                                                 SpeciesOndatra zibethicus (Linnaeus, 1766) – Muskbeaver, rat musqué, Muskrat, Common Muskrat  
       

 References
       
  Expert(s):    
  Expert: Alfred L. Gardner  
  Notes: Curator of North American mammals and Chief of Mammal Section, National Biological Service, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC, USA   
  Reference for: Ondatra zibethicus    
       
  Expert: Guy G. Musser  
  Notes: Department of Mammology, American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY 10024   
  Reference for: Ondatra zibethicus    
       
  Expert: Michael D. Carleton  
  Notes: Department of Mammals, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC 20560   
  Reference for: Ondatra zibethicus    
       
  Other Source(s):    
  Source: CDP, database (version 1999)  
  Acquired: 2003   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: rat musqué[French]   
       
  Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0)  
  Acquired: 1996   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Ondatra zibethicus   
       
  Publication(s):    
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner  
  Publication Date: 1987   
  Article/Chapter Title: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Resource Publication, no. 166   
  Page(s): 79   
  Publisher: United States Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service   
  Publication Place: Washington, D.C., USA   
  ISBN/ISSN:    
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Ondatra zibethicus   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Hall, E. Raymond  
  Publication Date: 1981   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: The Mammals of North America, 2nd ed., vol. 2   
  Page(s): 601-1175   
  Publisher: John Wiley and Sons, Inc.   
  Publication Place:    
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-471-05443-5   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Ondatra zibethicus, Muskrat [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Musser, Guy G., and Michael D. Carleton / Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 2005   
  Article/Chapter Title: Superfamily Muroidea   
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vol. 2   
  Page(s): 894-1531   
  Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press   
  Publication Place: Baltimore, Maryland, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 0-8018-8221-4   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Ondatra zibethicus, Common Muskrat [English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds.  
  Publication Date: 1993   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing   
  Page(s): xviii + 1207   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-217-9   
  Notes: Corrections were made to text at 3rd printing   
  Reference for: Ondatra zibethicus   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole  
  Publication Date: 2000   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: Common Names of Mammals of the World   
  Page(s): xiv + 204   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-383-3   
  Notes: With contributions by Bernadette N. Graham, Adam P. Potter, and Mariana M. Upmeyer   
  Reference for: Muskrat[English]   
       
  Author(s)/Editor(s): Wilson, Don E., and Sue Ruff, eds.  
  Publication Date: 1999   
  Article/Chapter Title:    
  Journal/Book Name, Vol. No.: The Smithsonian Book of North American Mammals   
  Page(s): xxv + 750   
  Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Press   
  Publication Place: Washington, DC, USA   
  ISBN/ISSN: 1-56098-845-2   
  Notes:    
  Reference for: Ondatra zibethicus   
       

 Geographic Information
       
  Geographic Division: North America  
    Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China)  
    South America  
    Southern Asia  
       
  Jurisdiction/Origin: Continental US, Native  
    Canada, Native  
    Alaska, Native  
 

 

   

 Comments
       
  Comment: Status: IUCN - Data Deficient as O. z. ripensis, otherwise Lower Risk (lc)  
    Comments: Subspecific classification revised, under the name Fiber, by Hollister (1911); Whitaker and Hamilton (1998) regarded macrodon as inseparable from O. z. zibethicus. Comprehensive summaries of systematics, ecology, population biology, and economic status provided by Pietsch (1982), Perry (1982), and Sokolov and Lavrov (1993). Correlation between masticatory muscles and cranial architecture monographed by Vendeloo (1953). Viriot et al. (1993) used digital imaging to analyze molar ontogeny and ...  
 

 

   

 
 Subordinate Taxa  Rank  Verified Standards Met  Verified Min Standards Met  Unverified Percent Standards Met
 
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